Text Neck: It’s a Real Pain in the Neck
Do you have frequent neck, shoulder or back pain? You may have a recently identified condition called “text neck.” The repetitive strain injury occurs when you spend considerable time looking down at your phone. Since 72 percent of Americans own smartphones, according to Pew Research Center, it’s likely to affect many of us at some point if we do not change the way we use our phones.
What Causes Text Neck?
Your neck is designed to support the weight of your head in an upright position. Dropping your head increases the amount of pressure placed on the vertebrae in your neck and also strains muscles in your neck, shoulders, and back.
When you hold your head at a 60 degree angle, like when you look down at your phone, it’s as if you suddenly added another 50 pounds of weight to your head. Because your neck was not designed to support so much weight, permanent damage eventually can occur. If you spend a lot of time texting, playing games or surfing the Internet on your phone, the curvature of your neck may even be permanently affected. Although changes in the neck are often inevitable due to aging, chiropractors are starting to see young patients with serious wear and tear due to texting.
What Are the Symptoms of Text Neck?
Symptoms of text neck include:
- Neck, shoulder, back, arm, and hand pain
- Spasms in the neck, shoulder and back
- Numbness and tingling
- A change in posture
- Tight shoulder and neck muscles
What Are the Long-Term Effects of Text Neck?
A variety of painful conditions can occur when you continually put too much stress on your neck, such as:
- Disc Problems. Your discs cushion the vertebrae in your spinal column. Although they’re designed to be flexible, they are not meant to withstand the strong forces that occur when you constantly keep your head lowered. Over time, you may begin to experience cracked, slipped or herniated discs.
- Pinched Nerves. Using bad posture when you text can also increase your risk of a pinched nerve. The problem occurs when bone or tissue presses on a nerve.
- Arthritis. Wear and tear on your vertebrae can lead to early arthritis.
- Bone Spurs. Bone spurs can develop due to the stress on your spinal column and can cause pinched nerves.
- Hunchback. Formally called kyphosis, the condition causes your back to become rounded due to a curvature of the spine.
Poor head position may also lead to other health problems. It’s harder for your lungs to expand completely when you sit in a hunched position. When you take in less air, your heart has to work harder to ensure that enough oxygen reaches every part of your body via your bloodstream.
Who Is at Risk?
Anyone who spends time texting or using a smartphone can suffer from text neck. Your risk of developing painful back and neck symptoms may be higher if you work in a job that requires you to lower your head and you spend much of your free time using your phone to text, surf or play games.
If you have developed any of the symptoms of text neck, give us a call. Through spinal adjustments and other chiropractic techniques, we can address spinal alignment issues, improve muscle balance and relieve your symptoms.
Surgical Technology International: Assessment of Stresses in the Cervical Spine Caused by Position and Posture of the Head
Los Angeles Times: Teen’s Compulsive Texting Can Cause Neck Injury, Experts Warn, 4/24/16
Spine-health: A Modern Spine Ailment: Text Neck, 11/6/15
Spine-health: How to Avoid Text Neck Overuse Syndrome
NBC News: Could Text Neck Be the New Arthritis?, 1/12/16
Cleveland Clinic: Text Neck: Is Smartphone Use Causing Your Neck Pain, 3/24/15
Pew Research Center: Smartphone Ownership and Internet Usage Continues to Climb in Emerging Economies